Air Freight Containers Facts

Air Freight Containers Facts

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Some may think that a person’s interest in knowing about air freight containers is weird. Many people tend to take objects and containers for granted. Think about the last gift you got. Do you remember exactly what item it was? Now, do you remember what was used to wrap it?

People tend to ignore these details because they think that the present is more worthy of focus than the box it’s carried in. Many people tend to forget that the box is what protects the present in the first place. Knowing about air freight containers is very important as it allows you to realize the conditions that your cargo goes through when it is being delivered. You can see whether a certain air freight container is suitable to protect and to hold your cargo.

Did you know that the term “air freight container” is rarely used by people working on airlines? The proper term is actually “unit load device” or ULD. This fact alone can help you in making faster inquiries regarding air freight.

Another fact about air freight containers that you should know about is the fact that there are actually standards used to determine the quality of an air freight container. In fact, there is actually an association which determines the specifications of air freight containers. This is to make sure that all manufacturers of air freight containers make their products as uniform as possible. This means that there will be no substandard products.

The International Air Transport association is in charge of the details concerning air freight containers. This association is responsible for setting the standards that would ensure the correct transport of cargo.

Here are some of the details that they specify:

1) Container size – of course, standardization of the air freight container size is important. It helps people determine if the type of air freight container that they got can actually be used in transporting their cargo. This also makes it easier for companies to determine which type of air freight container is appropriate for their cargo. Knowing this is also very important in determining how much space your cargo will take up in a plane.

2) Door – it is necessary to standardize the doors of air freight containers in order to make sure that people are able to actually get their cargo to fit into the container. The door size is not the only factor that’s standardized. The material used to make the door is also standardized. This is done in order to make sure that the cargo is protected from any potential hazard.

3) Modifications – different types of cargo require different types of air freight containers. These modifications are also standardized in order to help determine the dimensions of an air freight container easier. This of course, saves a lot of space and money. The modifications could be designed to accommodate the safety of various cargos, or it could be designed to ensure the comfort of animal cargo.

4) Material – the materials used in the making of air freight containers are also standardized. This is done in order to easily determine the weight of the cargo and container. This of course, is very important since it determines the efficiency of any vehicle to transport cargo. The materials used in making air freight containers also have a big impact on the protection of the cargo.

What You Should Know About Air Freight Carriers

What You Should Know About Air Freight Carriers

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Freight is technically the term used to describe the cargo for shipment. Air freight, on the other hand, is the cargo that is being shipped via air. This may be done using typical passenger airplane aboard the cargo area or through specialized cargo planes dedicated for this special industry.

It is primarily divided into three categories: a) household goods, b) express deliveries, c) parcel shipment, and d) freight shipments.

Each of which is priced depending on the system as provided by the National Motor Freight Classification. Each class also corresponds to the goods that can be shipped. Say for household goods, only those that can be considered furniture and household appliances can be subjected to price ranges and services provided in this area. Express deliveries, in general, include items such as mails, business papers and envelopes. Parcels, on the other hand, include those items that are usually boxed. Freight shipment though covers all other huge items that can’t be accommodated by services functioning in the lower classes.

Air freight is further subdivided into two categories: The Less-than-Truckload Freight which basically accommodate items that are less than 15 000 pounds and have the height of exactly 28 inches or even lesser than that. The other subcategory of freight shipments is the Truckload Freight that covers item weighing 43 000 pounds or less and has the length not exceeding to 53 inches.

Shipments larger than these are often carried by super cargo planes. Those relatively huge items such as military equipments, planes and helicopters are carried through the Antonov AN-225- the largest cargo plane in the world.

For each type of air freight cargo, there is basically some air freight carriers to do the job. Most often than not, smaller items can be shipped using passenger air planes turned into air freight carriers.

Boeing 747-400 is usually configured into air freight carrier since it has space large enough to accommodate items for forwarding. But since it is not purely designed as an air freight carrier, there are some crucial limitations that impedes to its absolute use for this exact purpose. Nevertheless, when used as an air freight carrier, it may function well enough to transport cargoes of various kinds towards their proper destinations.

Air freight carriers like Bekins and North American Van Lines specialize in household goods delivery. FedEx Express, UPS and DHL top rate the field of express deliveries yet it is basically everybody’s game since this field appears to be the easiest route when you want to make money in the forwarding business. Leading air freight carriers in the parcel division (also known as ground shipment) are FedEx Grounds and UPS. While for Less-than-Truckload and Truckload freight areas, air freight carrier names like Old Dominion, AAA Cooper, Averett Express, Roadway, Schneider and JB Hunt are the most trusted.

In the air freight industry, there are also middlemen in the playing field. These are often called as freight brokers since they are the institutions that create arrangements between shippers and air freight companies. Brokers are reached through online marketplaces. They are the best sources for discounts since they have the direct contacts with air service providers.

Major air freight brokers are CHRobinson, Hub Group, Twin Modal and Rockwell.

If you want better and easier access to the names we have listed above, it is best to find sources through online intermediaries such as Transcore DAT, Freightquote.com and uShip.com.

Some Services Offered by Delta Air Freight

Some Services Offered by Delta Air Freight

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Delta Air freight is one of the leading companies in the cargo industry today. They offer many services that enable people to acquire goods or send their goods from anywhere and to anywhere in the world. Let’s face it: that kind of service is in high demand today. Delta Air freight provides this service through different means:

1) Domestic shipments – Delta Air freight can deliver your cargo to any place within the United States and in some Canadian provinces through their domestic shipment service. This Delta Air freight service comes in two options:

a) Priority first freight – this Delta Air freight service is perfect for those whose cargos exceed weight and size limitations. This Delta Air freight can deliver your items when you need it delivered. The service is guaranteed to deliver your cargo. The only problem you will be having is fitting the capacity of a certain flight. This means that if Delta Air freight can find room for your cargo, it will be delivered.

b) DASH – if you want speed instead of convenience then Delta Air freight DASH might be the best service for you. This is because Dash guarantees delivery the same day! Isn’t that just amazing? Of course, on order to get this speed, you will have to sacrifice the convenience of being able to ship anything you want. You’ll have to restrict your cargo to those which comply with the standards set by Delta Air freight.

2) International shipments – items that are shipped internationally are handled with different standards of high quality care. These Delta Air freight services are:

1) Equation – this Delta Air freight service is designed for the express delivery of items that are less than 70 Kilograms in weight. These shipments are prioritized so people expecting packages can get them as quickly as possible.

2) Variation – this Delta Air freight service is used to deliver sensitive cargo such as livestock, pets, pharmaceuticals and artwork. This Delta Air freight service features dedicated procedures with the shipping. It also features specialized containers so as to prevent any damage to any goods.

3) Dimension – This is the standard airport-to airport cargo transportation. It, of course, features the acceptance of any type of item that does not require any special handling. Because the items do not require special handling, this means that Delta Air freight will be able to utilize the space as much as possible. This Delta Air freight service is perfect for people who are just getting tired of having their luggage lost by airlines.

3) Special shipments – there are many items that cannot be considered into these categories. Here are some special shipments offered by Delta Air freight services:

a) Delta cares – people who need to have the remains of their loved ones shipped often worry about the treatment that the body receives during the delivery. This Delta Air freight service is designed for the peace of mind of the bereaved.

b) Pet shipments – if you need to have pets shipped, then this Delta Air freight service is for you. You need to follow a certain set of guidelines in order to have your pet delivered. Delta Air freight will deliver your pet with the best of care and in the most comfortable way possible.

So what are you waiting for? Call Delta Air freight today.

Tracing The History Of The Air Freight Forwarding Industry

Tracing The History Of The Air Freight Forwarding Industry


Man has always had a fascination for flying, ever finding ways to take to the skies and fly to distant places.
This fascination, a dream that wouldn’t die generation after generation, was what eventually led to the birth of airplanes.

Today, airplanes are mainly responsible for taking us to any point in the world. Airplanes have become major transportation carriers. Not only do airplanes enable us to visit a friend or a loved in another continent, airplanes also carry shipments — from small items to large ones.

The idea of using an airplane to transport shipments took seed in 1910. According to aviation history, a shipment of silk was flown from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio. This shipment is believed to be the first air freight demonstration.

Nine years later, another airplane became freight carrier. The cargo: a converted bomber that weighed over a thousand pounds. Shipped by the American Railway Express, the converted bomber was flown to Chicago from Washington D.C. The journey was not uneventful, though. A frozen radiator forced the pilot to land the plane in Ohio.

The 1920s saw several airlines operate as freight carriers, catering only to American businesses. The arrival of air freight has helped businesses transport merchandise more rapidly as well as shorten the time they need to conclude transactions.

Between 1927 and 1931, the number and size of air freight cargo reached nearly a million pounds, up from 45,000 pounds. Commercial air freight began operating only after World War II ended although there were efforts to organize the air freight business prior to that.

American, United, TWA and Eastern — the top four known airlines — formed Air Cargo, Inc., which operated as an air freight company until the end of the war. However, United and TWA decided to operate their own air freight business in 1944.

The air freight industry was lucrative, which was why many small plane owners tried to get into the business but failed. The bigger airlines, concerned that the smaller airlines will adversely affect the industry’s status quo, did not let smaller airlines into the air freight business. In addition, the big airlines did not want more competition. While many small plane operators tried and failed, the “Flying Tigers” survived. Known as the largest in air freight liner industry during its time, The Flying Tigers carried military and civilian cargo.

The air freight forwarding business may have had a good start, but it didn’t really start developing until a man named Fred Smith started an air freight business that has become recognizable across the world — Federal Express, or simply FedEx.

FedEx is one of the air freight carriers enjoying a great degree of success. FedEx uses modern technology (e.g., air freight software) in responding to the needs of its customers. The air freight software that FedEx uses, the latest in the freight forwarding industry, can resolve problems in the system as well as give customers services that are cost effective.

FedEx and UPS, another air freight carrier, are considered the two most reliable air freight forwarding companies in the United States today.

Factors that Affect the Air Freight Rate

Factors that Affect the Air Freight Rate

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As with all expenses, air freight rates change all the time. This is because of the fact that many factors affect the pricing of various services and resources used in air freight. Learning about the different factors affecting the air freight rate could help you anticipate changes in the rate. This means that you will be able to maximize the costs of shipping.

What factors affect air freight rates?

1) Demand – demand affects the prices of everything. The more that people want to obtain a certain service, the higher the cost is going to be. This is the basic principle of economics. When the demand for certain shipping services rises, the air freight rates rise with it.

Demand determines the willingness of a company to part with its product. Demand determines the price because hey, if people are willing to pay more for your product, then you would be willing to sell it at the highest possible price, right?

2) The containers – the shipping containers, also known as the Unit Load Devices are designed to protect your cargo from the damages caused by the journey. Different items require different containers. If you are looking for a special container to protect your items, it could add a bit more to your air freight rate than what you anticipate.

The containers used in an air freight service are usually suited to different types of cargo. This means that the type of item you are shipping will affect the air freight rates. If you want to include additional security measures to protect your cargo, then you would have to pay more money. This is often applicable if you are shipping pets, livestock, or works of art.

3) Manpower – the amount and specialization of people required to ship your products will also affect the air freight rate. This means that the type of service you require will change the air freight rate. Do you wish your items to be handled by experts who will take care of your items, then you might need to add some cash in order to cover the additional manpower.

Manpower also includes the various people who will handle the paperwork of your cargo. Obviously, it will take the expertise of more than one person to make sure that your cargo remains as safe as possible.

4) Speed – this factor is second only to demand on its effects on the air freight rate. It is often the case that companies have different air freight rates based on the speed by which they can deliver your items. There are companies which offer faster delivery services for additional charges. There are companies who can deliver your items in one day, and some companies can even deliver your goods within a few hours. The speed of delivery is very important because it is often the case that customers stick with an air freight service because of the speed by which they can get the job done.

Of course, there are many more factors that affect the air freight rates charged by various companies. These main factors, however, should prove to be enough information in order to help you save a lot of cash. When you study these factors, you would be able to budget your money easier and thus, maximize your resources. This means that you can ship more goods at lower air freight rates.

A Historical Look at the Air Freight Industry

A Historical Look at the Air Freight Industry

During the early years of aviation, people were constantly looking for practical uses of airplanes. People were amazed with the machines that enabled men to fly, but the question of what to do with them plagued everyone’s mind. Of course, the uses for airplanes could not be limited to entertainment, because that would be wasting the huge potential of the technology on a pretty superficial industry. The air freight industry began with the journey of a bolt of silk from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio in November 1910.

That fateful trip gave birth to the airfreight industry as we know it today. After that event, everything just progressed to new heights for the air freight industry. One of the pioneers of the air freight industry is American Railway Express. The name of the company points out to the fact that before the advent of the air freight industry, cargo was usually transported by train.

The airfreight industry made a lot of conveniences possible. First, there was the matter of speed. Air freight sped up deliveries between businesses. This means that the air freight industry made it possible for businesses to acquire various merchandise when they needed it. This also saved a lot of money on storage. Before the advent of the air freight industry, businesses had to keep as much stock as possible. This helped them to meet orders in time. Because of the introduction of air freight, businesses could just fly in any merchandise.

During the 1920’s, shipping of cargo via air grew more popular. In November 14, 1926, the National Air Transport Company was born. This company delivered the first air cargo in the United States in September 1, 1927. Many more companies were founded as promoters of the air freight industry. As the industry was still relatively young, these companies did not make much profit.

The air freight industry got to a slow start because of the fact that they had stiff competition coming from passenger carriers. Many established passenger carriers opposed the establishment of an all-cargo air freight industry mainly because they feared it would destabilize the air industry.

Another reason why the air freight industry did not grow as people hoped was that most businesses were unable to sustain the huge losses associated with starting an air freight operation. While some people attempted to remedy this by combining air freight with air passenger transport, they only succeeded in slowing down the industry.

The revolution of the air freight industry came about when a man named Fred Smith noticed that the common practice of combining air freight with passenger freight was highly inefficient. He proposed that air freights should have different flight patterns from passenger flights. He was successful in gathering funds mainly because of his proposal for a guaranteed next-day-delivery service. And so it was that in April 1973, the Federal Express began operations. Of course, the initial years of business were hard. However, after three years of flying cargo, the company was beginning to show profit.

By the 1980’s, Federal express was a household name. This just goes to show you how far a truly great idea can take you. Today, the air freight industry is booming and companies make millions of dollars in profits. That’s a far cry from the way that air freight businesses lost money in the past.

Shipping Boat

Shipping Boat


Ships and boats may sound familiar to you; the two are even almost understood interchangeably.
Whether it is a ship or a boat the two serve the same purpose—to transport you across the seas, crossing the oceans or just circling around a lake.

There are many kinds of boats. Sports enthusiasts ride with joy a kayak as they row their way to and fro the calm lake or sea. Some enjoy the fun that dragon boat brings as a team of paddlers inch their way to winning. While others frolic in the sheer happiness aboard a
Sailboat as it is tossed upward and downward by wild waves in the middles of the ocean.

Ships are much larger than a boat. Although the two are both water transport vessels, ships carry more passengers that boats do. Ships are used on large-scale transport of humans and cargos. In fact freight companies have sought the services of huge shipping companies in bringing their cargos to different points of destinations. Ships can accommodate almost anything aboard including a boat but except another ship.

Shipping boat, especially the smaller watercraft, to its chosen destination may take up a huge space inside the ship, however a ship can still carry a boat of almost any kind. But never a boat can carry a ship. That has ever been heard of. Shipping boat is not necessarily confined to using the service of large ships. Especially among areas or countries that are landlocked, it does not necessitate the use of ships. Some boats with the use of a trailer can be transported all around the United States or to any countries for that matter. Countries in Europe can use land vehicles in shipping boat to any points of interest. Therefore, shipping boat is also done via land transport system.

During water sports competition that needs a boat be it a kayak, speedboat, or sailboat shipping boat for the tournament requires special attention. Boats are precious investments so careful handling is of topmost priority.

Freight forwarders handling shipping boat contracts can only be too careful while the boat is in transit to its destination. Anything could happen in the road or highway that protecting the cargo (which is the boat) from any harm pays a great price and pays the highest reward. Shipping boats on a huge ship likewise demand precautionary measure. Boats might be vulnerable to scratches and other damaging shipping procedure. Boats are not packed unlike any other types of cargo that can be fitted to a sealed crate, unless of course a container will soon be invented to take up the size of any kind of boats.

Shipping boats will never be the same in the future with the advancement of technology you can only expect the unexpected.

The Container Streamlines Freight Movement (And Can Become Offices, Shops And Houses)

The Container Streamlines Freight Movement (And Can Become Offices, Shops And Houses)

We mean the shipping container here, not beer kit container. The 20 feet shipping container, 20’x8’x8.5′ in size, can accommodate a mobile dwelling unit, with beds and furniture that fold into the wall, for example. Shipping containers come mostly in the standard sizes of 20 feet, 40 feet and 45 feet high-cube (the last with a height of 9.5′). If desired, containers can be customized in various ways, by constructing containers of a different dimension, or converting them into, say, houses.

Containerization

Containerization facilitates inter-modal freight transport, i.e., container ships, railroad cars, and trucks can all accommodate standard sized containers. There are also standard containers for use in aircraft. So you can transport a container from the interiors by truck or railroad to a sea or air port, and send them to a distant location where the transport process is reversed, say, from ship to truck. Specialized container handling equipment can easily transfer the containers from the one mode to another.

Streamlining of freight transport operations lowers costs, and leads to lower freight charges and increased trade. It was in the 20th century that standardization of container sizes and container-handling equipment gained momentum and appeared as an important innovation in logistics. Initially standardized with 8’x8′ cross-sections and multiples of 10′ lengths, containers became increasingly popular starting 1950s.

Purpose-built container ships and railcars gave momentum to container-based freight operations. The containers were transported unopened from origin to destination, being transferred from one kind of transport vehicle to another as needed. Containers could thus travel across sea, land and air with practically no disruption.

The cargo could be tightly packed into the containers with minimum wastage of space. This was in contrast to the significant storage space wastage (not to mention time wastage) that would be involved if the cargo as such were moved individually to, and stored in, the cargo holds of standard ships.

Standardization of containers involved not only their dimensions, but also corner fittings, reinforcements and identification markings. Standard pallets that fit neatly into the containers were used to pack merchandise. Container capacity is expressed in TEUs or twenty-foot equivalent units. These standards have now been accepted worldwide.

Containers used for air transport have a different set of dimensional standards that are much smaller in length, width and height.

Containers come in many types. There are ‘dry van’ containers for boxes, bales, pallets, drums, etc, ‘reefer’ containers that are temperature controlled from -25 degrees to +25 degrees centigrade, bulk containers for bulk materials and heavy machinery, tank containers for liquids, and other kinds of specials including those with rolling floors for difficult-to-handle cargo.

Container Related Issues

Containers enhance security as the contents are not visible and the doors are sealed in a manner to detect any tampering. Cargo did not “fall off” the trucks as was common in earlier days. On the other hand, the fact that containers are not typically opened meant that they could be used to transport contraband.

The increased efficiency of container based cargo handling typically leads to job losses, and moving work to inland from waterfronts.

Where two-way cargo movement is not balanced, empty containers can accumulate at certain places and transporting the bulky empty containers is often not cost effective. To handle this issue, containers are often converted to other uses.

What To Look For In A Good Freight Forwarding Company

What To Look For In A Good Freight Forwarding Company

The industrial revolution has brought people around the world closer. In effect, technology has decreased the size of the world by increasing the speed of transportation and message transcription. The results of this have been phenomenal – it has paved the way for more travel and trade between distant nations. Gone are the days when one has to wait for a package or parcel for months. With the technology applied in freight forwarding and logistics, a shorter time of sending the goods, the shortest of which is the one day delivery, is now possible.

As many countries have started to globalize, import and export business has become one of the trends in the business world. Traders import and export goods from another country and this is made possible by the supply chain technology which was created to serve as a bridge to distant and far nations or places. This is not only applicable to import and export business. In search of greener pastures and with the goal of providing their loved ones a better life, some migrate and work in another nation. And these overseas workers send goods and packages to their families constantly. To meet the growing demand for freight, many companies were built and established to provide parcel and delivery services. Now, hundreds of freight forwarding companies can be found everywhere.

With the number of freight forwarding companies offering freight forwarding services, it seems so easy to send and receive goods and packages. But which of these companies should you choose? Which of these should you trust with your goods? How do you know which is the best when almost all of them offer the same kind of service?

The key to shipping your goods efficiently is to get the service of a good customs broker or freight forwarder. An efficient and good freight forwarding company should be highly organized and should be an expert in documentation. It is very important for a forwarder to service their clients accurately and without any mistake or error in documentation. With hundreds of customers shipping their goods to almost all places in the world, an error can’t be tolerated. You wouldn’t want your goods supposed to be shipped to Canada be shipped to another country. It will definitely cause delay and the worst, your goods are completely lost. Though there are insurances created for these circumstances, you surely don’t want to waste your time processing all the requirements to claim for the insurance because all you wanted in the first place was for your goods to reach their destination.

A good freight forwarding company practices good packing service. Shipping conditions whether by air or sea can at times be tough. Perfect packing is needed to ensure safety of goods. A good freight forwarding company has to be specific in its packing particularly on the different kinds of products and goods as some products can be very fragile. As shipping the items can be very tough, it is best that the company knows how to handle these products.

A good freight forwarding company has an accurate and effective tracking system. When a person sends goods, he normally would like to know the progress of the shipment. He would like to know right away whether the goods have already reached the destination. It should follow a smooth network where the customers can easily track where their goods are at a specific period of time. This way, the customers feel relaxed that the goods will in fact reach the destination.

As many companies would like to ensure the safety of the goods being shipped, they charge the customers a very expensive amount for shipping especially if the goods being shipped are fragile or one that requires a very sensitive care. However, one should compare the price with the others. A good freight forwarding company is one that offers a reasonable price. Check if the price is just right for you to ship certain items. Freight forwarding companies follow some price regulations which correspond to the weight, type and with the amount the item was bought and this can be costly at times. Do not just pay a very big amount for the charges when you feel it’s not reasonable anymore. Know your product, know its destination and decide if it’s just right for you to pay what they are asking for. It is true that you would like your items to reach your loved ones or your customers, but you definitely do not want to break the bank and get all your savings just to pay for the unnecessary charges.

Remember that in these times, technology has made people and nations closer. Be close to your loved ones, friends and customers by choosing a good freight forwarding company: one that will ship your items, package, parcel and goods at a smooth manner with efficiency, care, security and safety at a reasonable price.

Freight and Shipping

Freight and Shipping

Freight is transporting goods by water, air or sea, and shipping is the most commonly used mode of transport for carrying freight from one place to another. The shipping industry forms 90% of world trade; nearly 50,000 ships that make up the international trading fleet are technically sophisticated. The cost of a new ship varies between US $100 million to nearly $200 million.

Freight is classified as incoming freight and outgoing freight. In most cases, in regards to incoming freight, the international goods arrive by water or air. Domestic shipments find en route either by roads or by air. In case of the outgoing freights service providers basically send the goods either by sea or by road. Only fragile and perishable items are transported by air.

Freights is often moved by ship. Most of the imports and exports of a nation are solely dependent on the shipping industry. For an economy to flourish, the shipping industry plays a vital role in not only transporting produce to international markets but also bringing raw materials back into the nation. The industry is classified as intrinsically global. The shipping industry has a unique business set-up: a ship can be owned by someone, managed by another, registered by a third country and manned by people of an entirely different nation. Because of its international characteristics, its safe operation is regulated by United Nations agencies. Officers in the ships from different nations are trained in accordance to the global standards.

It is imperative that an individual makes the effort to identify the best service provider while shipping goods from one place to another. Documents such as bill of landing, signature on the receipt document, proper addresses in the papers, and contracts should be made before getting into a deal with the company, so that the goods reach their destination intact.